Alcazar, Marseille, from march 8 to april 22 2011
A retrogaming exhibition by Isabelle Arvers
This event deals with the history of video games through the heroes who have shaped the imagination of nearly 4 generations of players: Pacman Zelda Supemario, Donkey Kong, Sonic …
The movement of retro gaming collect old video games and old computers and game consoles video game. By former video games, we mean the first 4 generations of consoles outputs from the 70s to mid 90s . What distinguishes these games is their graphics mainly in two dimensions and appearance pixelated. Hence a certain nostalgia for players to this type of game and this period, given the advent of 3D gaming to the gameplay, sometimes much less creative.
From myth to fairy tale, the hero accompanies the quest for the meaning of being human. In each society marked by a loss of identity markers, identification with the hero represents a catharsis whose function is to forget the narcissistic injury and loss of control over our destinies.
Identifying with a hero often comes from a character trait, personality of the hero or the gameplay. Some game characters like Mario or PacMan does not work on the principle of identification, but on empathy: because the character is friendly, the player wants to help thwart all traps and spells.
In the video game, there are two heroes: the character of the game and the player who made the move from level to level. Interactivity gives the player a power over the hero and its evolution. The time of the game, the player is master of his destiny video game. He can face death without fear of the consequences of his actions. Alternately, it may be the valiant hero or nemesis. With the virtual, the player can take as many personalities as he wants, as many digital identities.
The hero in video games uses the same storyline as in the old myths. Protagonist of the story, the hero must prove his courage in braving the dangers, obstacles and enemies in order to continue his quest. He will deliver his sweetheart, after killing all the baddies.
Often ordinary character, the hero does not become successful only after many trials. Beat the machine is then a goal for the player very rewarding and the enemy is more terrible, more the victory is beautiful. This is the principle of fighting games, which from Tekken and Mortal Combat introduce a gradation in the violence, to allow players to romp through play and just enjoy it.
Apple II – PC 8 bits, 1977 / ARKANOID
CPC 464 – PC 8 bits, 1984 / GAUNTLET
CPC 464 / BILLY THE KID
CPC 6128, 1985 / Initiation to the programming of mini games in BASIC
Atari 1040 ST / BOMBERMAN-CONTRA
Atari 800XL / DONKEY KONG
Amiga 500 1985 / PACMANIA
Commodore 64 1982 / PACMAN
PONG SEB Telescore – 1977
Console Pong Radiola 1977
Galactica 6000 Société Occitane d’électronique – 1979
MARIO / Nes (1985)
PACMAN/ Atari VCS 2600 (1977) Atari VCS 2600 — 1977
SONIC / Sega Megadrive (1988)
BOOGERMAN / Sega Megadrive (1988)
SUPERMARIO / Snes (1991)
PICKAXE PETE / Vidéopac (1979)
ALEX KID / Sega Master System 1985 –
FLASHBACK : THE QUEST FOR IDENTITY / Super Nintendo – 1992
STREET FIGHTER / Super Nintendo 1991
MORTAL COMBAT / Sega Megadrive 1993
3 Nintendo Game Boy with a selection of 20 different games
3 Sega Game Gear with a selection of 20 different games